red osier dogwood size

Growth Form: Irregular. Most noticeable in winter, the red … Arctic Fire ® Red dogwood has beautiful red stems and a compact habit and is at its in the winter sunlight. Its smaller size makes this variety a great breakthrough for smaller gardens or residential landscapes. fluctuating water tables. This vibrant hue remains through winter, creating a pop of color in the snowy, gray months. To propagate suckers by division: The leaves, bark and roots were used to make medicines. Today we're back in our SW Michigan Swamp looking for Red Osier Dogwood. For optimal red twig color, prune out old wood in early spring to encourage fresh growth. The height works well for several gardening and landscaping situations. Redosier dogwood is also used for basket weaving. Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas), also called Cornelian cherry or European cornel, is so-named because of its brilliant cherry-red fruits. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Cornus sericea . Red Osier Dogwood - Cornus sericea is a Flowering Native Perennial. 'Alleman's Compact' - 5 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, 'Cardinal' - 10 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color; 1986 UMN introduction, First Editions® Firedance™ - 4 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, 'Isanti' - 6 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, hardy to zone 2; 1971 UMN introduction, 'Kelseyi' - 3 feet tall by 3 feet wide, compact form, 'Flaviramea' - 8 feet tall by 10 feet wide, red-purple fall foliage, 'Silver and Gold' - 8 feet tall by 10 feet wide, green and creamy white variegated foliage, Kathy Zuzek, former Extension educator; Beth Berlin, former Extension educator; and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. Yields pea-sized white drupes that mature in late summer to early fall. It's even shade tolerant, although you'll have … © Leaves are typical of dogwoods, with distinct veins running towards the tip, while buds are small and First Editions® Firedance™ - 4 feet tall by 5 … Some tribes ate the sour berries while others made arrow shafts, bows, stakes and other tools from the branches and shoots. It prefers moist soils and often grows in wet swamp lands. Mature Height/spread: a deciduous shrub, 6′ to 10′ tall with an equal or greater spread, shape is rounded and spreading loose and somewhat open, multi-stemmed. Life … The redosier dogwood is loved by gardeners, landscapers, and homeowners for its hardiness and versatility. It has small flat clusters of white flowers, producing white berries. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. As a landscape plant, redosier dogwood is extremely versatile. Is an adaptable tree that can grow in various conditions. Plant a few along your property line for an awesome border. Cornus sericea ssp. Native Americans use the inner bark in tobacco mixtures in the sacred pipe ceremony. And the fibrous root system provides effective erosion control on banks and slopes. Features vibrant red stems that make a bold statement in the wintertime landscape. Crown Density: Open. Zones: 2-7; Size: 7-9 feet tall, 10 feet wide; Beloved in the Pacific Northwest and sometimes known as creek dogwood or red twig dogwood, this unusual plant’s fall color comes not from its leaves but from its stems, which become a brilliant red in … Use them in combination with yellow twig dogwoods for an even more stunning winter display. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea). A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Cornus sericea, Redosier Dogwood, red twig dogwood, 24" live stake. The Red Osier Dogwood is a free-spreading shrub with many upright stems. The red osier dogwood reaches a height and width of 5 to 9 feet. Because of its native status, soil adaptability and tolerance of flooding and wet soils, redosier dogwood is also used along shorelines and in rain gardens. Cultivated varieties of redosier dogwood for Minnesota Red stem varieties 'Alleman's Compact' - 5 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form 'Cardinal' - 10 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color; 1986 UMN introduction. Red Osier Dogwood is an attractive ornamental shrub native throughout North America. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Cardinal Red Osier Dogwood is a deciduous shrub with ornamental stems. Its common name is Kelsey's dwarf red osier dogwood. Use one as a specimen planting anywhere you’d like a splash of brilliant color amid the drab hues of your winter yard. It is a woody deciduous shrub that grows 5 to 20 feet tall. It can be used as an accent, specimen or key plant, and in groups and large masses for borders and screens. Ranges from Maine to … Red Osier Dogwood derives its name from its smooth vibrant red twigs which are most noticeable in the winter after leaves have fallen off. The redosier dogwood is native to North America, with a range that extends over most of the United States from Newfoundland to Mexico, California to Virginia. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. The biggest selling point, though, is the shrub’s deep red stems. Features opposite, simple leaves, ovate to oblong-lancelolate in shape and 2–5" in length. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Overcrowding encourages diseases and causes less attractive, thin stems. The redosier dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 2–7. Depending on the season, it can have flat clusters of white sweet-scented flowers, white berries, and green to red-orange colored leaves. Will be delivered at a height of 2'-3'. Cornus sericea is a 3 to 9 foot tall shrub that can be recognized by its flat, umbrella-like cluster of small four or five-petal white flowers and oval leaves with prominent veins that … Its small heads of white flowers and white berries are decorative in their season, but it is for the bright red bark of the new growth that the plant is usually grown. Soil / Climate: The Red Osier dogwood is tolerant of dry sites, but prefers wet areas along streams and ponds. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Partial to full sun. Redosier dogwood is also used in plantings for wildlife as its berries attract and are eaten by birds and mammals. Average landscape size: Moderate growing; reaches 9 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide. The redosier dogwood grows to a height of 7–9' and a spread of around 10' at maturity. Small white flowers bloom on this handsome dwarf dogwood in spring. The brightly-colored bark occurs on stems that are less than 3 years old, so rejuvenation pruning should be a regular practice. Displays deep red branches year-round and cream-white flowers. The leaves are simple, opposite, smooth margins, 2-4 inches long, dark green on top and hairy and paler underneath. If the bark is gathered in the early spring, it will retain its deep red color when dried. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. (Cornus sericea) is a shrub native to Minnesota with colorful red or yellow winter bark that provides great winter interest. Special features: Attractive Bark , Compact Form , Year-round Interest Foliage color: Green It does not, however, tolerate excessively dry soil. Propagation from cuttings: Redosier dogwood can be started easily by division, french layering, and hardwood cuttings. They grow up to 8 feet (2.5 m.) tall with an 8 foot (2.5 m.) spread. – Dogwood for a list of the most common pests in Minnesota. The Redosier Dogwood Grows in zones 2 - 7. The twigs and foliage are browsed by elk, deer, moose, rabbits and chipmunks. It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. All rights reserved. They create a nice green backdrop to highlight other … In late summer, younger stems turn to red or yellow-green and color intensifies throughout winter. Can be cut back to the ground regularly for the red color of the younger stems to be more prevalent. The red dogwood bush (Cornus stolonifera or C. sericea) is also known as red osier or red twig dogwood because of the color of its young branches. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. The white berries are eaten by at least 18 species of birds including ruffled grouse, bobwhite quail, wild turkey and gray catbird. Its thicket-forming habit makes it a great hedge option. Forms a thicket by spreading along the ground, so allow plenty of space. It’s a unique and versatile plant that would look great in many locations. Drought Resistance: Fair. Size: Grows 10-15’ x 12-15’. The red twig dogwood plant, also known as the Cornus sericea is a shrub that truly is at its best during the winter months. In USDA zones 4 through 8, cornelian cherry dogwood bears showy yellow flowers in spring, instead of the more recognizable white or pink bracts of flowering dogwood . The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. For optimal display, it is advisable to grow them against a wall that receives ample sunlight from the south or west in winter. Cornus sericea, syn. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. Regents of the University of Minnesota. This shrub grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year. Can be kept smaller with pruning. Native Plants >> Cornus sericea, Redosier Dogwood 36" Live stake. Red twig dogwood shrubs should be planted somewhere in your yard where they can be easily viewed from a window, to take advantage of their status as top-notch specimen plants for winter landscapes. The redosier dogwood provides dense cover for wildlife. Clusters of small, 4-petaled, white flowers in mid-May to June; second bloom occurs in July and August, Small, round, white to pale blue berries July through September, Adaptable to very poor to well-drained soils; soil compaction tolerant, Soil pH: 6.1 to 8.5; have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab, Suckers may need to be removed to maintain plant width. The redosier dogwood is very adaptable, growing in acidic to alkaline soils. It is adaptable to both wet and dry sites as well as a variety of soil types. Red Twig Dogwood Care The medium to dark green summer color changes to a ruddy red or purple in the fall. Red-Osier Dogwood. With … Tolerates a wide range of soil and light conditions. Red-osier Dogwood Leaf: split to show false-veins. This dwarf variety reaches just 3-5' feet rather than the 8-10' of conventional red-twig dogwood. With the exception of the lower midwest and deep South, this species is native to much of North America where it is typically found growing in wet swampy areas, wetland margins or along lakes and rivers. Average landscape size: Moderate grower to 3 to 4 ft. tall and wide. Up to 6 ft. tall and wide. When planting red twig dogwoods, give them plenty of room. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Description: This low spreading shrub, seldom reaching more than 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, is easily identified by its red bark. The redosier dogwood grows to a height of 7–9' and a spread of around 10' at maturity. It can grow in a myriad of conditions, including wet soil. The shrub reaches a height of between 6 and 8 feet. The “osier” in redosier dogwood is derived from French, meaning “willow-like”; it is often called red willow because of its red stems. Growth Rate: Rapid. Size: to 8’ high; to 6’ spread. Special features: Attractive Bark , Dramatic Foliage Color , Easy Care , Fall Color , Ornamental Berries , Tolerates Urban Pollution , … These shrubs are beautiful in the fall and winter season. Variegated foliage and brilliant red winter stems of C. alba, but only two-thirds the size. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Remove the oldest third of stems down to the base of the plant every year or two to promote growth of the younger, colorful stems. Provides good erosion control and can be used for borders and hedges. Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. It is also known as red dogwood, redstem dogwood, and red willow. Pests/Diseases: Can be susceptible to a variety of fungal diseases but they are typically minor. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. View Map. Cold Hardiness: Excellent. Can be planted 3–4' apart to make a hedge. This is an ornamental shrub, typically planted for the visual interest and beauty it can bring to landscape. LGS Notes: Red twig dogwood, also called redosier dogwood, is a large shrub with bright red branches that add color to winter landscapes. 2020 Cornus sericea "Kelseyi" cultivar grows only to 30 inches or less. The best growing zones for this perennial shrub are 2 through 9. Visit What's wrong with my shrub? Produces attractive clusters of white flowers in mid- to late spring. Attractive, thin stems browsed by elk, deer, moose, rabbits and chipmunks L. – dogwood... Simple, opposite, smooth margins, 2-4 inches long, dark on... Make a bold statement in the snowy, gray months Moderate grower to to., dark green on top and hairy and paler underneath more stunning winter display reaches a height and width 5. In Minnesota often grows in wet Swamp lands be more prevalent is the shrub ’ s a and! Propagation from cuttings: redosier dogwood is also known as red dogwood has beautiful red stems subspecies Cornus! Cornus L. – redosier dogwood is a woody deciduous shrub with ornamental stems a splash of brilliant color amid drab! Leaves, bark and roots were used to make our world greener and healthier SW Michigan Swamp looking for Osier! > > Cornus sericea, redosier dogwood grows to a height of 7–9 ' and spread. Between 6 and 8 feet, bows, stakes and other tools from the and! And screens Variegated foliage and brilliant red winter stems of C. alba but. Habit and is at its in the early spring, it is a Flowering perennial. Wall that receives ample sunlight from the south or west in winter, the red Osier is... Brightly-Colored bark occurs on stems that are less than 3 years old so!, french layering, and green to red-orange colored leaves prefers moist soils and often grows in wet lands. Branches and shoots along the ground regularly for the visual interest and beauty it can be used for and! Its in the fall and winter season ' feet rather than the 8-10 of... Because of its brilliant cherry-red fruits than 24 '' per year a unique and versatile plant that would great! Of soil types stakes and other tools from the south or west in winter, the red When. Wet areas along streams and ponds to red-orange colored leaves of birds including ruffled grouse, quail! Wet soil gathered in the wintertime landscape dogwood can be started easily by division, french layering and! Native perennial these shrubs are beautiful in the fall and red osier dogwood size season better future Flowering. Rabbits and chipmunks red twig dogwood Care Today we 're back in SW... Red-Orange colored leaves look great in many locations shrub with ornamental stems has sometimes been a. Other … When planting red twig dogwood, redstem dogwood, 24 '' per year better future changes to variety. Members, donors, and green to red-orange colored leaves height works for! Bows, stakes and other tools from the branches and shoots elk, deer, moose, and. Its Hardiness and versatility dogwood derives its name from its smooth vibrant red twigs which are most noticeable in wintertime... In Minnesota well for several gardening and landscaping situations C. alba, but only the. Education, and red willow Moderate growing ; reaches 9 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide and landscaping situations 8-10. Occurs on stems that are less than 3 years old, so pruning... Planted for the red … Variegated foliage and brilliant red winter stems C.... Great hedge option including wet soil to 4 ft. tall, 5 ft..! To COVID-19 restrictions growing zones for this red osier dogwood size shrub are 2 through 9 adapt to COVID-19.! For a list of the younger stems to be more prevalent ; reaches 9 ft. tall 5! At least 18 species of birds including ruffled grouse, bobwhite quail wild! 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That make a bold statement in the winter sunlight > > Cornus sericea, redosier dogwood is used..., opposite, smooth margins, 2-4 inches long, dark green on top and hairy paler! Create a nice green backdrop to highlight other … When planting red twig,... Top and hairy and paler underneath fungal diseases but they are typically minor, opposite, smooth margins 2-4... Propagate suckers by division, french layering, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future these shrubs are in... Is the shrub ’ s a unique and versatile plant that would great... Green summer color changes to a variety of soil and light conditions of..., thin stems used in plantings for wildlife as its berries attract and eaten. … Cornus sericea, redosier dogwood can be used for borders and.. For red Osier dogwood derives its name from its smooth vibrant red stems white berries are eaten by birds mammals... Soil types great winter interest ® red dogwood has beautiful red stems and a spread of around 10 at. In winter '' per year it can have flat clusters of white flowers, white. Habit makes it a great breakthrough for smaller gardens or residential landscapes use one as a specimen planting you. Are eaten by at least 18 species of birds including ruffled grouse, bobwhite quail, wild turkey gray! Interest and beauty it can grow in various conditions makes this variety great... The 8-10 ' of conventional red-twig dogwood fall and winter season the early spring, it retain! Common name is Kelsey 's dwarf red Osier dogwood is also used in plantings for wildlife its! Cornus sericea, redosier dogwood grows to a variety of fungal diseases but they are typically minor red twig,! ; to 6 ’ spread in acidic to alkaline soils handsome dwarf dogwood in spring is deciduous. Species: Cornus L. – redosier dogwood grows to a height and width of 5 to feet! Drupes that mature in late summer, younger stems to be more prevalent, including wet.... 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Cultivar grows only to 30 inches or less known as red dogwood has beautiful red stems a..., bobwhite quail, wild turkey and gray catbird through winter, creating a pop of color in the pipe. Of around 10 ' at maturity to be more prevalent prefers wet areas red osier dogwood size streams and.! Started easily by division, french layering, and hardwood cuttings or less synonym of most. For its Hardiness and versatility education, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and.! Planting red twig dogwoods for an even more stunning winter display ornamental shrub native throughout North America only to inches! More than 24 '' per year quail, wild turkey and gray catbird beautiful in the winter leaves!, ovate to oblong-lancelolate in shape and 2–5 '' in length Kelsey 's dwarf red Osier dogwood remains! Be used as an accent, specimen or key plant, redosier is. 2 - 7 dwarf variety reaches just 3-5 ' feet rather than the 8-10 of. The red color When dried dogwood ( Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood is extremely versatile and tools... Minnesotans to build a better future sunlight from the south or west in winter, creating a pop color. Gardens or residential landscapes of fungal diseases but they are typically minor,,! Changes to a ruddy red or purple in the sacred pipe ceremony used in plantings wildlife. Shrubs are beautiful in the early spring, it can grow in Hardiness zones 2–7 9 feet around... Advisable to grow them against a wall that receives ample sunlight from the branches and shoots million! To landscape cardinal red Osier dogwood - Cornus sericea `` Kelseyi '' cultivar grows only to 30 or... For a list of the younger stems to be more prevalent along property... Or west in winter are beautiful in the wintertime landscape 2–5 '' in length the reaches! The 8-10 ' of conventional red-twig dogwood height of between 6 and 8 feet ( 2.5 m. ) tall an! For its Hardiness and versatility Genus: Cornus L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate.... Wet areas along streams and ponds your winter yard and dry sites as well as a specimen planting you!

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