Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. These coastal soils are of great fertility but often consist of clays that are subject to shrinking and swelling and thus present problems for construction. The latter may be used for crops with appropriate technology, such as shifting cultivation or agroforestry (crops and useful trees managed together), but some agronomists suggest that they are better utilized for timber and other renewable tropical forest products. The first scientific expedition to measure the circumference of the Earth, led by Charles-Marie de La Condamine of France, was based in Ecuador; and research in Ecuador by the renowned naturalists Alexander von Humboldt of Prussia and Charles Darwin of England helped establish basic theories of modern geography, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Updates? Join the fun! The Costa is composed of lowlands that extend eastward from the Pacific Ocean to the western edge of the Andes and rise from sea level to an elevation of 1,650 feet (500 metres). In addition to over 16,000 species of plants, the country has 106 endemic reptiles, 138 endemic amphibians, and 6,000 species of butterfly. Ecuador has made progress in making education available to disadvantaged classes and ethnic groups and to women. Ecuador has a rich cultural heritage. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The most important is the Napo River, which receives the Coca and Aguarico rivers as well as other large tributaries as it takes its course toward Peru, where it joins the Amazon River. 1)Devoted fans around Ecuador call their professional futbol league the Serie A or the Primera A team. Pasillo, is known as the national music of Ecuador. Ecuador is one of only two countries in South America that does not share a border with Brazil. This is a direct effect of altitudes. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. 17 Interesting Quito Ecuador Facts. Omissions? Ecuador has an area of 109,484 square miles (283,520 square kilometers). Let’s learn more by diving into these 17 interesting facts about Quito Ecuador: 1. Running north-south, small coastal mountain ranges—the Colonche, Chindul, and Mache mountains—rise to 2,600 feet (800 metres). Professor of History and Geography, National University of Loja, Ecuador. Ecuador has an area of 109,484 square miles (283,520 square kilometers). It's a very interesting country! Ecuador is a small country located in South America. The rivers of the Oriente carry the greatest volume of water. Its history has been marked by political and economic challenges, including long periods of military rule, boom-and-bust economic cycles, and inequitable distributions of wealth. Between these coastal ranges and the Andes, interior valleys are mantled with silt deposits left by rivers that largely drain into the Gulf of Guayaquil. Quito, capital of Ecuador, escorted by high volcanoes and formed by streets, broken and rocks where the houses become engraved like ooking for a solid shelter, are a city where people try to conserve her colorful traditions.. Quito is located on a horizontal strip of land running north to south between beautiful mountains. Quito is the highest constitutional capital in the world. Ecuador's economy is the eighth largest in Latin America and experienced an average growth of 4.6% between 2000 and 2006. The effectiveness of traditional methods of managing these soils has come to be more widely recognized, and such prehistoric techniques as embanked fields for runoff management (albarradas) and raised fields (artificially constructed earthen platforms built on shallow lakes or marshy areas) have been studied by development experts. Numerous rivers originate in the mountains, pass through the hoyas of the Sierra, and flow either west to the Pacific coast or east to the Amazon River. http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/ecuador-fact/, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html, http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/ecuador/, http://www.encyclopedia.com/places/latin-america-and-caribbean/south-american-political-geography/ecuador, http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/01/travel/ecuador-11-things/. Arm yourself with a couple of basic facts and figures about Ecuador, at the very least. 14. Other large rivers include the Pastaza, Morona, and Santiago, all of which drain into the Marañón River in Peru. Economically, Ecuador became known for exporting Panama hats (straw hats so named because they were shipped to Panama in the mid-18th century and bought by traveling gold seekers and because they were worn by Panama Canal work crews in the early 19th century) and agricultural products, notably cacao (the source of cocoa beans), bananas, and flowers. The Ecuadoran mainland is divided into three main physical regions: the Costa (coastal region), the Sierra (highland region), and the Oriente (eastern region). Most Popular Facts about Ecuador . Is Argentina a large country? In the Costa the floodplains of the Guayas and other rivers have accumulated fertile silts from the highlands. The Galápagos Islands are famous as the place of birth of Darwin's Theory of Evolution. Ecuador has 1,600 bird species and 38 more endemic in the Galápagos. The Sierra includes two high mountain chains and their western and eastern foothills. From tasting roasted guinea pig to visiting historical sites, you are sure to make lasting memories! Ecuador is the largest producer and exporter of bananas in the world. This dispute was so long that it spanned generations! Because Ecuador is situated on the Ring of Fire—the long horseshoe-shaped seismically active belt of earthquake epicentres, volcanoes, and tectonic plate boundaries that fringes the Pacific basin—it has experienced several significant and deadly earthquakes. Capital City: Quito Time Zone: UTC-05:00 Location: Ecuador lies in the northwestern corner of South America, bordered by Colombia to the north, Peru to the south and east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Tucked between Colombia and Peru, Ecuador outdoes its heavyweight neighbours because of, … (Source: Google Maps) 3. To the north is Colombia and to the east and south is Peru. Ecuador borders Colombia on the n, Peru on the e and s, and the Pacific Ocean on the w, with a total boundary length of 4,247 km (2,639 mi), of which 2,237 km (1,398 mi) is coastline. Since gaining its independence in 1830, it has thrived as a constitutional republic. A monument on the outskirts of Quito, Ecuador, marks the Equator. Ecuador is home to 135 different nature reserves, wilderness areas, and national parks as well as 8 internationally important wetlands and 3 biosphere reserves. Interesting facts about Ecuador. Ecuador facts and figures provide information on the inflation rate, seasons, taxes, economics, residency, visa requirements, and more. Here is 17 interesting facts about Ecuador, a place I loved visiting and highly recommend. Learn more about country history, maps and photos, statistics about education, religion, culture, and much more. The people of Ecuador are very relaxed, and always love to meet tourists. Sierra Negra (“Black Range”), Isabela Island, Galapagos National Park, Ecuador. Many peaks are volcanic or snow-covered; these include Cayambe (18,996 feet [5,790 metres]), Antisana (18,714 feet [5,704 metres]), Cotopaxi, which is one of the world’s highest active volcanoes (19,347 feet [5,897 metres]), Chimborazo (20,702 feet [6,310 metres]), Altar (17,451 feet [5,319 metres]), and Sangay (17,158 feet [5,230 metres]). Accuracy: A team of editors takes feedback from our visitors to keep trivia as up to date and as accurate as possible.Complete quiz index can be found here: Ecuador Quizzes There are 30 questions on this topic. It includes the Pacific archipelago of the Galapagos Islands (Archipiélago de Colón). The country is home to over 15 million people, while Quito has over 2 million inhabitants. Indians, over thousands of years, have developed effective methods for the fertilization of these soils, including the use of manure, the mounding of fertilizing muck from drainage ditches, the creation of raised fields, and the use of irrigation canals. 15. Places like the Galapagos Islands and the interior of Ecuador should be on everyone’s bucket list. This page gives you some interesting information about 100 culture facts about Ecuador, its culture and principal products. It borders the Pacific Ocean along the Equator. Climate: Because Ecuador is on the equator, the country has 12 hours of direct equatorial daylight all year round. Daily flights are available to all major cities. In the Amazon basin, soils have not been fully studied and mapped; nevertheless, it appears that soils there are quite diverse, including areas of fertile alluvial soil, organic soils called histosols, and more-weathered tropical soils called oxisols. Ecuador is home to one of seven of the world’s mega volcanoes. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The country also exports coffee and flowers. Formed by the juncture of the Daule and Babahoyo rivers and their affluents, the Guayas River is navigable for the greater part of its course. The largest island, Isabela (Albemarle), rises to 5,541 feet (1,689 metres) at Mount Azul, the archipelago’s highest point. ‘Cuy’, or whole roasted guinea pigs are a local delicacy. Identify important facts about the overall size, location, official language, religion, culture, geography, famous landmarks, people, history, size, population and the incredible Galapagos Islands of Ecuador. Ecuador provides the majority of the world’s balsa wood. It is bordered in the north by Columbia, on the east and south by Peru and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The main natural resources of Ecuador are petroleum, fish, timber and hydropower. The national tree of Ecuador is the cinchona tree which produces Quinine, the first drug used to prevent and treat malaria. Looking at historical Ecuador facts, we learn that the battle over the border between Ecuador and Peru was based on treaties involving Spain, Portugal and the emergent nations of Brazil, Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. Discover best places to visit and things to do. In case something happens to you and you need a doctor, don´t worry Ecuadors Healthcare system is ranked 20th in the World. These are included in two ranges connected at intervals by transversal mountain chains, between which are large isolated valleys or basins, called hoyas. Volcanic activity at higher elevations in the Andes has resulted in the formation of fertile volcanic and prairie soils, called andosols and mollisols, with dark surface layers rich in organic matter. Primary education is free and compulsory for six years beginning at age six. The main watercourse of the Costa is the Guayas River. The official currency of Ecuador is the United States dollar. República del Ecuador (Republic of Ecuador) Form of government unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house (National Assembly ) 1 Head of state and government President: Lenín Moreno Capital Quito Official language Spanish 2 Official religion none Monetary unit dollar (U.S.$) Population (2019 est.) Two high and parallel ranges of the Andes, traversing the country from north to south, are topped by tall volcanic peaks. 1. Religious and nondenominational private schools also play a significant role. It borders Peru, Colombia, and the Pacific Ocean. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Other rivers that flow to the ocean include the Cayapas, the Esmeraldas, the Naranjal, the Jubones, and the Santa Rosa. Whether living in Ecuador or just visiting, it doesn’t take long to notice a country full of passionate futbol fans. This is what the country is best known. Ecuador is one of 17 megadiverse countries in the world. (Ecuador has lost about two-thirds of the territory it once claimed to Colombia and Peru.) It sits at 2,850m above sea level. The Basics. Ecuador, country of northwestern South America. Facts about Ecuador where Sunrise and sunset happen every day at around 6:00 am and pm, respectively. To the east of the main ranges are peaks Reventador (11,434 feet [3,485 metres]) and Sumaco (12,759 feet [3,889 metres]); the Cordillera de Cutucú, which borders the Upano valley and includes the central peaks; and the Cordillera del Cóndor to the south, which borders the Zamora valley. It is bordered in the north by Columbia, on the east and south by Peru and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The western and central ranges of the Andes bordering the Sierra constitute the country’s highest and most continuous mountain chains. Ecuador Facts | Ecuador Economy. An interesting facts about Ecuador´s culture: The most common greeting is a handshake with direct eye contact and a smile. Information of Quito. We’ll track down an answer for you. Much of what is now Ecuador came to be included in the Inca empire, the largest political unit of pre-Columbian America. Learn more about Galápagos. Many cities can be traveled by plane in about 30-45 minute daily flights. Tiny by South American standards, Ecuador is packed with an amazing range of natural and cultural attractions; a microcosm of everything that is appealing about this fascinating continent. Beyond this eastern cordillera, to the east, is the Amazon basin, extending below 900 feet (300 metres). Ecuador is located in the western corner at the top of the South American continent. Do you know these 7 basic facts about the National Team? Their flag is comprised of a yellow, blue and red stripe with the countryâs coat of arms directly in the middle of the horizontal flag. Ecuador's economy continued to grow after World War II and bananas became a large export. 13. Location: Ecuador is located in the northwest corner of South America. In addition to the mainland, Ecuador owns the Galápagos Islands. The volcanic Galapagos Islands consist of 19 rugged islands and scores of islets and rocks situated about 600 miles (900 km) west of the mainland. Then download our printable flags and colouring flag. With it’s modern and colonial charm, it seems to offer something for everyone. 17 Interesting Facts About Ecuador. Ecuador does not have an official religion, however 95% of the citizens identify as Christian. However, the soils are typically underlain by a yellow hardpan, locally called cangahua, which is often exposed on eroded steeper slopes. Ecuador’s soils are among the most varied on Earth. Is the capital of Brazil known for its architecture? The country is classified as an upper-middle-income country. Situated on the Equator, from which its name derives, it borders Colombia to the north, Peru to the east and the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador is a beautiful tropical country located in Latin America. The country has had its ups and down economically, but in recent years has flourished greatly and is once again becoming a country to watch in Latin America. The Galápagos Islands (or Colón Archipelago: 3,029 sq mi; 7,845 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean about 600 mi (966 km) west of the South American mainland, became part of Ecuador in … Sort fact from fiction—and learn about climate, capitals, and more—in this journey through South America. Also, there are over 19,300 different plant species as well as 640 different bird species. The country’s capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site in the 1970s by UNESCO. 25. Ecuador is a popular retirement with a low cost of living and high quality of life. The highest is Chimborazo at 20,577 ft (6,272 m). 13 indigenous languages exist alongside Ecuador’s main language, which is Spanish. The following facts provide information on Ecuador. Ecuador’s culture and traditions: 3 basic facts. Understanding these basic points about culture and traditions in Ecuador is a good start: Ecuador is located between Peru and Colombia in western South America. Ecuador straddles part of the Andes Mountains and occupies part of the Amazon basin. One out of five plants in Ecuador is an orchid; so far 3,043 species have been identified and 43% of these are endemic. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? 20 Interesting Facts and Information about Cuenca, Ecuador Looking for the best facts about Cuenca, Ecuador? Ecuador is a small country located in South America. Since 1975 around 165 new species are being described on a yearly basis, a new species every two days, 91 endemic. One language is not enough. NOW 50% OFF! Ecuador is the country with the largest diversity of orchids in t… If you can’t find what you’re looking for, just ask us. It’s more bio-diverse per square kilometer than any other country. Learn a little about Ecuador with our "fun facts for kids" - its geography, history and a little bit more. Ecuador's culture includes a mix of indigenous and European influence. Ecuador, about equal in area to Nevada, is in the northwest part of South America fronting on the Pacific. The resulting Creole society is still evolving and provides interesting experiences for visiting travelers. Ecuador is one of the most environmentally diverse countries in the world, and it has contributed notably to the environmental sciences. Population: 16,498,502 (July 2018 est.) President, National High School "Adolfo Valarezo," Loja. Rivalry between Flores and Rocafuerte (1830–45), Breakdown of national government (1845–60), Economic development and loss of territory in the 1940s, Domination of Velasco Ibarra after World War II, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Ecuador, Ecuador - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Ecuador - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Ecuador has a developing economy that is highly dependent on commodities, namely petroleum and agricultural products. In Quito water boils at 90°C instead of 100°C. The countryâs official language is Spanish, but Kichwa, Shuar and other indigenous languages are recognized by the government. Puná, in the gulf, is the major island. (Source: Britannica) 2. Check out these 15 fun facts about Ecuador to get you excited about your upcoming trip to Ecuador (or entice you to plan one)! Oil accounts for 40 percent of all Ecuador’s exports and 33 percent of the country’s revenues. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! 26. Ecuador facts reveal that Ecuador and Peru were engaged in a long-running fight over the border the two countries share. They are a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site. The countryâs capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site in the 1970s by UNESCO. The last time I was there, I really did not want to leave. Check out interesting Ecuador facts and information about this West South American country with our fact file for kids. Ecuador is the world’s largest exporter of bananas, exporting 2.7 billion worth of them annually (23.3% of total banana exports, 2016). Buses are inexpensive and the the more upscale services are rather comfortable. Ecuador - Ecuador - Education: The network of public education has been greatly expanded to promote the goal of universal literacy. Ecuador Trivia Questions & Answers : South America This category is for questions and answers related to Ecuador, as asked by users of FunTrivia.com.. In the Sierra the rivers are torrential in their upper courses and become calmer in the plains areas but nonetheless remain unnavigable. Grasses and epiphytes are the most diverse in Ecuador. Ecuador is unusual among Latin American countries in having two major centres of population and commerce, the vibrant port city of Guayaquil acting as a counterbalance to the capital, Quito, located in the Andean highlands in the north-central part of the country. The second largest island is Santa Cruz. There is an estimate of 16,087 plant species in Ecuador, including ferns and plants with seeds, of these 15,306 species are native and 4,173 are endemic. The eroded topsoil accumulates on lower slopes and especially on flats, which form the most desirable locations for agriculture. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 17,379,000 Population rank (2019) 68 Throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, Ecuador stabilized politically and was run as a democracy, but in 1997 instability returned after Abdala Bucaram (who became president in 1996) was removed from office after claims of corruption. Well, look no further, here we have put together a really amazing list of fun, and interesting facts about Cuenca, Ecuador. Know interesting facts and information to help you plan your trip to Ecuador. Quito Ecuador is a very popular tourist destination. Get Ecuador facts and information. That’s right, just like Yellowstone National Park, the Chalupas Volcano in Ecuador has a massive caldera that spans 16 km (10 mi) throughout the Cotopaxi National Park. Journey to South America: Fact or Fiction? It is a major exporter of petroleum and an increasingly important tourist destination. 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