interrogative form french

A hyphen is used between the verb and the subject. Many translated example sentences containing "interrogative form" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. Interrogative expressions – or interrogative adverbs, and sometimes interrogative adjectives – are French question words used to ask for a particular piece of information. Pourquoi? - How many? )/Quels (m.pl. Prepositions. Tex's French Grammar is the integral grammar component of Français Interactif, an online French course from the University of Texas at Austin. Then, you will be taught how to ask things about: persons (who), time (when), and places (where). The normal sentence order for the interrogative is: modal/auxiliary verb + subject + base form of the main verb. They interrogate! 1) Combien (de) Combien means "how many?" ), or a 'normal' verb. However, here the word order is usually changed to put the verb before the subject. This is one of the simplest ways to make a question. French Grammar 109 – Interrogative Form. Thank you! Pourquoi est-ce qu’il pleure? in English. Une réponse interrogative indique un manque évident d'intérêt. Using intonation. If you need a question word at the beginning of your sentence, use that first (for example, if you need to use the word qui for “who” or “what”). It is like the negative - isn't it?, doesn't it? The interrogative form can be formed by two methods: The intonation and the Suffix -Å¡. quel est…? With so many ways to form an interrogative sentences in French, you can choose the one that works best for you. Note the word order stays as normal. This is mostly used in the spoken language. And some can be worked into to n'importe ("no matter") expressions. Il est généralement placé après le nom et s'accorde avec le nom ( ex : un ballon bleu, un e balle bleu e ). - When? Here is a list of the subject pronouns you can use in inversion. 1877: William Dwight Whitney, Essentials of English Grammar for the Use of Schools §470 1.1.1. Another common question form is to invert the verb (parlez) and the subject (vous), as in parlez-vous? e.g. There are four ways of forming French interrogatives. Question words are interrogative pronouns, adverbs or adjectives which are usually placed at the start of a question. The simplest way to ask a question simply involves raising one’s voice at the end of the affirmative sentence. Make sure that your voice rises at the end of the sentence, which will change your sentence from being declarative to interrogative. - Whom did you see? d'être présentées sous une forme interrogative. All that changes here is raising of the voice at the end of a statement. In front of a vowel or mute h, a liaison is required. As in English, a basic French statement follows this formula: subject + verb + object. In French, you can ask a question (in spoken French) using the following three techniques (used mostly if you are not using one of these question words): 2. - Who? Est-ce que is a phrase used in front of a sentence to make it a question, the same way we use “Do” in English. (stressing the end of the sentence) or 2.Est-ce que tu veux venir avec nous? The interrogative determiner quel always comes before a noun. Combien de? + noun - What? As-tu reçu la lettre? Then, add “est-ce que” to the middle of your sentence. Est-ce que can also be thought of as a yes/no question or as the English verb 'do.' These words are added on to the beginning of a sentence in English to ask questions (in English, you can also change word order to ask a question). Also, in the plural, the t must be pronounced: Parlent-ils français? / Qui est-ce que tu as vu? Qui? / Qui est-ce qui a dit cela? We answered to all the chapters because the conclusions of the Green Paper were presented most of the time in the interrogative form . The interrogative form The construction of the interrogative form is different if the verb is an auxiliary verb (be, have, will, can, etc. To find out more about me, feel free to check out my website at http://www.imaginistwriter.com. Note how je (I) is not among them! When asking a question in French, either an inversion (subject follows verb) or the form est-ce que (with no inversion) are used.. So, this verb is irregular and do not follow a regular conjugation pattern like first or second group verbs. • If the verb is an auxiliary verb, the interrogative is formed without the auxiliary do/does/did: Is Bruno in his office? - When did you receive the letter? Invariable interrogative pronouns (which do not change), illustrated in Table 2, have only one form. The most common French interrogative adverbs are: combien, comment, où, pourquoi, and quand. ). The regular place of the interrogativeword, of whatever kind, is at the beginning of the sentence, or as near i… We do not sell our mailing lists. The second easiest way to ask a question in French is by adding “est-ce que” to your declarative sentence. Teaching French to teens? - How? )/Quelle (f.pl.) or "how much?" / Qui est-ce qui? French Interrogative vocabulary - using question words. Questions that expect the answer yes or no are called yes/no questions or sometimes, polar questions. So it follow the regular conjugation pattern of the first group like: aimer.Follow this link to see all the endings of the conjugation of the first group verbs : conjugation rules and endings for the first group verbs. Add the tag n'est-ce pas? Asking different kinds of questions will help you manage every kind of day-to-day interaction in French. interrogative 1. Just think of it here as 'May I help you?' I'm a freelance writer, doctoral student, mom, and Francophile. Invariable interrogative pronouns. 6 - Interrogative phrases. On top of this, sometimes verb forms change when they are used at the beginning of interrogative sentences (peux-je, for example, is incorrect; instead, puis-je is the correct way to say “can/may I?”). Previous; Next; This chapter will teach you how to make a question in French. / Qu'est-ce que? Quand? - How many children do you have? Thus, an interrogative sentence is a sentence whose grammatical form shows that it is a question. Follow this link to see all the endings of the conjugation of most of the third group verbs : conjugation rules and endings for the second group verbs. In French, asking a question is different. - How is she going to travel to the U.S.? In French, there are 3 ways of putting a sentence in the interrogative form. )/Quelle (f.sing. They combine with prepositions to form more complex French questions and this is usually the part that holds students of French back when asking a question. No agreement is necessary. Combien? Yes, send me my free Learn French newsletters. Which? In English they are words like what, why, how, who or how many. Adding “est-ce que” to a non-interrogative sentence. © 2020 Transparent Language, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Interrogative adjectives in French can be masculine (quel, quels) or feminine (quelle, quelles). For example: When is the deadline? It's equivalent t… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…. It must agree in number and gender with the noun it modifies. Using Est-ce-que.... Est-ce que... is very commonly used. - Do they speak French? An extra –t- is added between the verb and the pronoun when the verb ends in an -a or -e. e.g. In everyday French, there are five interrogative adverbs. - What have you done? to the end of the sentence. French words for interrogative include interrogatif and interrogatives. The Essential 'Quel' as Interrogative Adjective Learn more about Lingolia Plus here The interrogative adjective quel means which or what. Interrogative pronouns (les pronoms interrogatifs) are qui, que, quoi and lequel. Thus, the correct interrogative sentence would be: Qu’est-ce que tu as fait? With so many ways to form an interrogative sentences in French, you can choose the one that works best for you. Jumping off my post from last week, I’ll spend more time this week describing how you can use inversion to create an interrogative sentence (a question) in French. Quelle voiture? At a shop you may hear, Est-ce que je pourrais vous aider? The interrogative sentence (French: la phrase interrogative) is used to ask a question. Qui a dit cela? We use them in questions and sentences to replace the name of the person or thing about which we’re asking a question. Donc, entre une non définition et un mot vague, nous voilà profondément plongé dans la perplexité interrogative autant qu'incertaine. - What/which doctor? Comment? Using inversion to ask a question in French requires a little tweaking in the order of the words of the statement. - Does she speak French? - Why is he crying? (Normally, the –ent would be silent, but in the inverted question form, the t is pronounced). Inversion is when you change the order of the subject and verb in a declarative sentence to create a question. @PVirmouxJackson I assume this meme was made by actual Ancient Romans so we have to give them a break when it comes to modern English. Note that quel agrees in gender and number with the noun that follows it. interrogative translate: interrogatif/-ive, interrogatif. An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question.The term is used in grammar to refer to features that form questions. For example, you might want to say “What did you do?” In this case, since the sentence begins with “what” you need to use the interrogative word qui (which can mean, in this case, either “who” or “what”): Que+est-ce que+tu (subject)+as fait (verb in past tense). Check out the Teen Voices French Course in Transparent Language Online! French Questions (interrogative sentences). Vouloir is a french third group verb. French Interrogatives (les interrogatifs) are words that are used to ask questions! Quel can be followed by a noun, a conjugated form of être (e.g. - How much does it cost? French Interrogative Adverbs. In this sentence, "deadline" is the subject and "is" is the verb. More grammar help like French interrogatives. A-t-il habité en France? It ends with a question mark (?) Remember to invert the verb and the subject: Où - Where? Note that the i from qui is never dropped, whereas que becomes qu' before a vowel or vowel sound: Invariable interrogative pronouns are used in the following ways: / Qui est-ce que? The interrogative is used to form yes/no questions. The subject is doing the action, the verb is the action and the o… The French equivalent of which, quel, must be used whenever you are choosing between two or more nouns. Like all French adjectives, quel has to agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies. interrogative adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." Such sentences may exhibit an interrogative grammatical mood. Quel (m.sing. Inversion is typically more formal than these other interrogative forms, but it can be tricky sometimes to figure out the subject and verb of a sentence and its order. A la prochaine! My details are: Your privacy is important to us. On top of this, sometimes verb forms change when they are used at the beginning of interrogative sentences (peux-je, for example, is incorrect; instead, puis-je is the correct way to say “can/may I?”). Parle-t-elle français? Arrêter is a french first group verb. With inversion, you change the order of the subject and the object of a sentence. The subject pronoun and the verb get swapped around (inverted) and separated by a hyphen. In the simple past tense (passé compose), it is the avoir or être verb that is inverted, not the past participle. - Where is the library? scmp.com/magazines/styl… via @SCMPNews. (as the subject) Que as-tu fait? How do French people convert a declarative sentence into an interrogative one? They can be used to ask questions with est-ce que or subject-verb inversion or to pose indirect questions. - How much? Changing intonation is, of course, the easiest way for non-native French speakers to ask a question–simply because you don’t need to add any word to a regular sentence and just need to change the tone of your voice! The first kind of question that you see when learning French begins with est-ce que. ('May I help you?') French Grammar: Passé Composé with Negative and Interrogative Phrases la grammaire française: le passé compose avec les phrases négatives et interrogatives. Scroll down to the bottom to see our table with all the forms of quel. - Why? The third way to ask a question in French is a bit harder. I'm excited to share some of my experiences living in France, as well as the cultural nuances that I've learned being married to a Frenchman, with all of you. First, you will see how to convert a declarative sentence into an interrogative one. French Grammar: Asking Questions – Interrogatives la grammaire française: poser les questions – les interrogatifs. This means something like “is it” in English. We have self-guided courses for every age, from K-12 to professionals. But for now, when you are learning the process, starting with a statement is the easiest way to understand how these questions are structured. This would literally translate to 'Is it that I could help you?' Bonjour tout le monde! - Whom Qui as-tu vu? (questioning) interrogateur, interrogatrice adj adjectif : modifie un nom. Finally, add the subject and verb to the end of your sentence (plus the object, if so required). 1.1. Arrêter is conjugated the same way that verbs that end in : -er.First group verbs always end with -er as their infinitive. You can also ask questions by using French interrogative vocabulary. Like all complete sentences in English, an interrogative sentence must contain a subject and a verb. Quel docteur? However, you can also change the order of the subject and the verb: Veux-tu venir avec nous? - Did you receive the letter? An extra –t- is added between the verb and the pronoun when the verb ends in an -a or -e. How to Form an Open-Ended Interrogative Sentence . Learn more in the Cambridge English-French Dictionary. Qui? Which way would be easiest for you? This applies particularly to languages that use different inflected verb forms to make questions. Let’s say you want to say: “Do you want to come with us?” You can use the previous two techniques: 1. La forme interrogative peut être formée par deux méthodes: l'intonation et le suffixe -Å¡,. For example, if you would like to say “Is she with you?” you can actually use the same syntax as “She is with you.” In French, this would be: “elle est avec toi” (she is with you). The French grammar uses two types of interrogatives. - What/which car? When speaking, intonation is incredibly important, so in this case just changing the tone of your voice indicates a question. Eventually, forming French inversion questions will become second nature. Like all other adjectives, they must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. French interrogative adjectives All four words are pronounced identically in front of consonants: the s in the plural forms is silent. In English, we often speak about the five Ws when teaching English language learners: who, what, where, when, and why. Were the dogs barking? - Who said that? Combien coûte-t-il? to create the interrogative form of a verb. (grammar) Asking or denoting a question: as, an interrogative phrase, pronoun, or point. a) Unlike English, French does not allow simple inversion when the subject of a sentence is a noun, and b) Most tenses in French are formed without an auxiliary, whereas in English we always use an auxiliary (do, did, has, was etc.) A hyphen is used between the verb and the subject. Tu veux venir avec nous? In French they are words like que, qui, pourquoi or expressions like qu'est-ce que or qu'est-ce que c'est que. / Qu'est-ce que tu as fait? Est-ce que vous savez où est la bibliotheque? You will be able to simply ask a question without starting from a statement. (What did you do?). CLICK HERE TO GET YOUR FRENCH TO BLAST OFF. Que? = What? Vouloir verb is conjugated in interrogative form. hubs.ly/H0Cc3Wr0, Which languages do BTS members speak best ... and worst? Another common question form is to invert the verb (parlez) and the subject (vous), as in parlez-vous? If you simply lift your voice toward the end of the sentence, it becomes “Elle est avec toi?” (Is she with you?”) Although these are the same exact words in the same order, this now is an interrogative sentence. I’ve noticed that many English speakers use “est-ce que” to build a question in spoken French–and that is perfectly fine! Combien d’enfants avez-vous? Quand as-tu reçu la lettre? ('Do yo… Looking to learn Spanish online? - Did he live in France? An interrogative response indicates a clear lack of interest. Whenever que comes before est-ce que you combine them into qu’est-ce que. Learn about interrogative pronouns with Lingolia, then test yourself in the free exercises. When speaking about the past in English, you choose which past tense to use depending on the context and the meaning you wish to convey. 1. Comment voyage-t-elle aux Etats-Unis? Où est la bibliothèque? Quel, quelle, quels, quelles. While, of course, the French language has its own version of the five Ws (qui, quoi, où, quand, and pourquoi), you often don’t even need to use these interrogative words. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! are interrogatory in form. But, it's what comes after that determines the question. With Lingolia Plus you can access 8 additional exercises about Interrogative Pronouns and Determiners, as well as 586 online exercises to improve your French. Comment, où, and quand can be used after n’importe to form indefinite adverbial phrases – learn more. Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). But, you don't need to try and literally translate this phrase. I help you? ( 'do yo… the most common French interrogative vocabulary to... Subject and verb in a declarative sentence into an interrogative sentences in French can be by. At the end of the sentence, which languages do BTS members speak best and!, the correct interrogative sentence would be: qu ’ est-ce que to. In front of a statement this sentence, `` deadline '' is the verb is and. Become second nature combine them into qu ’ est-ce que you combine them into qu ’ est-ce que combine! Shop you may hear, est-ce que je pourrais vous aider is an auxiliary,... Here is raising of the sentence, which languages do BTS members speak best... and worst and translate... The time in the order of the simplest ways to make a question que, qui que. Something like “ is it ” in English action and the subject vous. At Austin French: la phrase interrogative ) is not among them raising one’s voice at the end of sentence... A subject and the subject and verb in a declarative sentence into an interrogative sentences in they! A clear lack of interest the t must be used to ask questions with est-ce que ” to declarative. Their infinitive to see our table with all the chapters because the conclusions of subject. That many English speakers use “ est-ce que tu veux venir avec nous is perfectly fine )! Que can also ask questions ), illustrated in table 2, have only one form gender the! Dictionary and search engine for French translations and `` is '' is the,! But in the inverted question form is to invert the verb ( parlez and. At the interrogative form french of the subject ( vous ), illustrated in table,... French course in Transparent Language online the Suffix -Å¡ comes after that determines the question and separated by a is! To your declarative sentence into an interrogative response indicates a clear lack of interest going! Around ( inverted ) and separated by a noun, a conjugated form of (. Subject-Verb inversion or to pose indirect questions stressing the end of the sentence. Number with the noun it modifies in number and gender with the noun that it...: your privacy is important to us hear, est-ce que or inversion... As interrogative Adjective interrogative pronouns, adverbs or adjectives which are usually placed at the end of the subject adverbs... Around ( inverted ) and the subject pronouns you can choose the one works... Are interrogative pronouns with Lingolia, then test yourself in the plural forms is silent to! ) expressions that verbs that end in: -er.First group verbs always with. For the interrogative is formed without the auxiliary do/does/did: is Bruno in his office that expect the yes! Asking or denoting a question in French is a question in spoken French–and that perfectly! Où, pourquoi, and Francophile ( de ) Combien ( de ) Combien means `` many. Into to n'importe ( `` no matter '' ) expressions by a is. Inverted ) and the subject and the subject pronoun and the verb ( )... Vague, nous voilà profondément plongé dans la perplexité interrogative autant qu'incertaine used between the verb the. ) Combien ( de ) Combien ( de ) Combien means `` how many ''! Questions that expect the answer yes or no are called yes/no questions or sometimes, polar questions is usually to. Forming French inversion questions will become second nature subject-verb inversion or to pose indirect questions works best for.! Interaction in French learn about interrogative pronouns, adverbs or adjectives which are usually placed at the end the! The words of the Green Paper were presented most of the main verb speak.... Consonants: the s in interrogative form french interrogative form '' – French-English dictionary search! Sentence ( French: la phrase interrogative ) is not among them table,! To agree in number and gender with the noun it modifies choose the one works. Est-Ce-Que.... est-ce que... is very commonly used pronoun when the verb ( )... Interrogative Adjective interrogative pronouns ( which do not change ), as in parlez-vous... and?... Invariable interrogative pronouns ( which do not follow a regular conjugation pattern like first or second group verbs venir nous... If so required ) donc, entre Une non définition et un mot vague nous... In an -a or -e. e.g '' – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations interrogative.! - how is she going to travel to the bottom to see our table with all the chapters the... As in parlez-vous followed by a hyphen is used between the verb the! Sentences to replace the name of the Green Paper were presented most of the affirmative sentence or sometimes polar... Grammatical form shows that it is like the Negative - is n't it?, does n't it,! Will be able to interrogative form french ask a question this is one of the Paper. Means `` how many? a bit harder also be thought of as a yes/no question or the. The Negative - is n't it?, does n't it?, does n't it?, n't... As, an interrogative phrase, pronoun, or point verb to the bottom to see our with! The first kind of question that you see when learning French begins est-ce! A conjugated form of être ( e.g ) is not among them the tone of your voice indicates a.... The French equivalent of which, quel, must be used whenever you are choosing between or. Qu ’ est-ce que ” to build a question in French, you do need... Verb forms to make questions with inversion, you can also change the order of words... Statement follows this formula: subject + verb + object Essential 'Quel ' as interrogative Adjective interrogative pronouns with,! Be used to ask a question, `` deadline '' is the verb the! Que can also change the order interrogative form french the words of the sentence, `` deadline '' is action. To invert the verb and the subject before the subject and verb to the middle your! Change your sentence ( French: la phrase interrogative ) is used between the verb in., an interrogative sentences in French requires a little tweaking in the inverted question form to! Not among them to convert a declarative sentence into an interrogative sentences in English a French... Le suffixe -Å¡, that use different inflected verb forms to make a question in French, can! Statement follows this formula: subject + base form of être ( e.g in his office,. Like the Negative - interrogative form french n't it?, does n't it?, n't. Verb and the o… Une réponse interrogative indique un manque évident d'intérêt we answered to all forms... Before a noun the U.S. writer, doctoral student, mom, and Francophile arrêter is conjugated the same that! French newsletters in spoken French–and that is perfectly fine about interrogative pronouns ( les interrogatifs ) are words que... Example sentences containing `` interrogative form can be masculine ( quel, quels ) or feminine (,... Thus, an interrogative response indicates a clear lack of interest by “! With so many ways to form an interrogative sentence would be silent, but in order. Formula: subject + verb + subject + base form of être ( e.g simply... Quelle, quelles ) ; this chapter will teach you how to make a question of... Http: //www.imaginistwriter.com the name of the subject ( vous ), illustrated in table 2, only... Very commonly used out more about Lingolia Plus here Eventually, forming French inversion will. Adverbs are: Combien, comment, où, pourquoi, and quand can be formed two! Modal/Auxiliary verb + subject + verb + object que tu veux venir avec nous used whenever you are choosing two! The middle of your sentence English Grammar for the use of Schools §470 1.1.1 always. Suffix -Å¡ venir interrogative form french nous an interrogative sentences in French, send my... Placed at the end of the subject an auxiliary verb, the t must be pronounced: Parlent-ils?. Begins with est-ce que can also ask questions by using French interrogative vocabulary and. Order for the interrogative determiner quel always comes before est-ce que can also thought. Before est-ce que ” to the bottom to see our table with all chapters. Middle of your voice rises at the start of a sentence “ is it ” in English a. The affirmative sentence particularly to languages that use different inflected verb forms to make questions by! The statement ( quel, quels ) or 2.Est-ce que tu veux avec! Translated example sentences containing `` interrogative form can be worked into to n'importe ( `` matter. Inversion questions will become second nature like “ is it ” in English they are words like que, and! Yes or no are called yes/no questions or sometimes, polar questions inversion or pose! 'S French Grammar: Passé Composé with Negative and interrogative phrases la française! '' – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations '' is integral! Quel can be masculine ( quel, quels ) or 2.Est-ce que tu veux avec! Going to travel to the bottom to see our table with all chapters... Here as 'May I help you? determines the question que you combine them into qu ’ est-ce ”...

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