climate in italy

In Italy, there are different types of climate: mild continental in the Po Valley, cold in the Alps, Mediterranean on coasts and islands, and finally, cool and windy in the Apennines. The climate in Rome is warm and temperate. The temperatures along the Adriatic coast rise steadily from north to south, partly because of the descending latitude and partly because the prevailing winds are easterly in the north but southerly in the south. In addition, at this time there begin to bloom the first citrus, olive, Fig, pomegranate. Italyhas a predominantly Mediterranean climate with mild, sometimes rainy winters and sunny, hot, and usually dry summers. Climate Geographically, Italy lies in the temperate zone. This gives the whole country three climate types. Italy generally has a temperate climate influenced by the Mediterranean and Adriatic Seas, and the protective Alps encircling the north. In the Apennines the winters vary in severity according to the altitude. Sardinia is subject to Atlantic winds and Sicily to African winds. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Precipitation: 0.87". With 3in over 9 days, rainfall can happen for your journey. Basilicata has a more continental climate and is very dry. The Alpine climate of the mountains sees cold winters with plentiful snowfall, while summers are warm in the regions below 1500m. In the north of the country - the area between the Alps and the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines - the climate is harsh, with very cold winters and very hot, particularly humid summers. Because of the considerable length of the peninsula, there is a variation between the climate of the north, attached to the European continent, and that of the south, surrounded by the Mediterranean. Get the monthly weather forecast for Florence, Tuscany, Italy, including daily high/low, historical averages, to help you plan ahead. Both Calabria and Sicily are mountainous regions that are surrounded by the Mediterranean, and they therefore have higher temperatures than the high regions of the Italian mainland farther north. Similarities between Lombard and Byzantine states, Carolingian and post-Carolingian Italy, 774–962, Socioeconomic developments in the countryside, The reform movement and the Salian emperors, The southern kingdoms and the Papal States, The southern monarchies and the Papal States, Early modern Italy (16th to 18th centuries), From the 1490s through the 17th-century crisis, Reform and Enlightenment in the 18th century, Political thought and early attempts at reform, The rebellions of 1831 and their aftermath, Politics and the political system, 1870–87, Economic and political crisis: the “two red years”, The republic of Salò (the Italian Social Republic) and the German occupation, Economic stagnation and labour militancy in the 1960s and ’70s, Student protest and social movements, 1960s–1980s, The migrant crisis and the growth of populist movements. Along the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, that is, along the coast of Liguria and Tuscany, the climate is Mediterranean, with mild winters and hot, dry summers. Puglia is the least rainy region in Italy, and in general the area experiences a Mediterranean climate with dry, hot summers and mild winters. At Bardonecchia, in the west, the average temperature is 45.3 °F (7.4 °C), and the average annual rainfall is 26 inches (660 mm); at Cortina d’Ampezzo, in the east, the figures are 43.9 °F (6.6 °C) and 41.5 inches (1,055 mm). July is the hottest month with temperatures up to 30C (86F), and January is the coldest month. The table below illustrates  the monthly average minimum and maximum temperatures for three cities, one for each climate area. In southern Italy and the islands winters are never particularly harsh, and spring and autumn temperatures are similar to those reached in the summer in other areas of Italy. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Average temperature and precipitation in Palermo, Sicily – Southern Italy Of course, there are a couple of things to keep in mind, especially when it comes to Summer and Winter average temperatures: remember that, in the Summer, days get pretty humid, especially in the cities, so the weather may change even in one hour. Climate and Average Weather in Tuscany, Italy. Average temperature of the warmest months is over 22°C (72°F). The sirocco, a hot, very humid, and oppressive wind, blows frequently from Africa and the Middle East. In Sardinia conditions are more turbulent on the western side, and the island suffers from the cold mistral blowing from the northwest and also from the sirocco blowing from the southwest. Climate in Italy in december Climate in Rome in december. In general, four meteorological situations dominate the Italian climate: the Mediterranean winter cyclone, with a corresponding summer anticyclone; the Alpine summer cyclone, with a consequent winter anticyclone; the Atlantic autumnal cyclone; and the eastern Siberian autumnal anticyclone. Italy is not a huge country, certainly nothing compared to the immense extension of the US. The air temperature in Italy in spring is +15-20 °C (59-68 °F). Low Temp: 32 °F. Geographically, Italy lies in the temperate zone. The rainfall here averages 798 mm. The "boot" regions of Italy include Puglia, Campania, Basilicata, and Calabria. Annual Weather Averages in Palermo Boccadifalco. Summer in Italy. The climate is fairly cold in this location in this month, but it is liveable by dressing warm. Along the Tyrrhenian coast and the Ligurian rivieras in the north, both temperature and rainfall are influenced by full exposure to the noonday sun, by the nearness of the sea, with its prevailing southwesterly winds, and by the Apennine range, which protects the area from the cold north winds. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Italy with current travel advice, statistics and online resources.. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Italy for next month - January. The most sunny period is in July and August. In Milan it could be −2°C and snowing, while at the same time 8°C in Rome and 20°C in Palermo. Information about the weather in Italy in March: >> Current temperature and weather forecast for Italy >> Climate table and weather in March for Italy >> Current water temperature for Italy 14-Day weather forecast for Italy Weather by month, temperatures and climate table in March for Italy Are you planning a holiday with hopefully […] According to Troll-Paffen climate classification, Rome has a warm-temperate subtropical climate (Warmgemäßigt-subtropisches Zonenklima). There are little differences between the regions, though. In the Valle d’Aosta, in the west, the permanent snow line is at 10,200 feet (3,110 metres), but in the Julian Alps it is as low as 8,350 feet (2,545 metres). Central Italy is the historical and cultural heart of Western Europe, birthplace of the Italian Renaissance. The climate varies considerably from the north to the south of Italy. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Csa. From a Mediterranean climate in Rome, to a subtropical climate in Florence, and an alpine climate in Amatrice, climactic variations are stark here; but temperatures mirror the northern region, with rain patterns like southern and coastal regions. The average annual mean temperature rises from 56.5 °F (13.6 °C) at Venice to 61 °F (16 °C) at Ancona and 63 °F (17 °C) at Bari. The Alps are a partial barrier against westerly and northerly winds, while both the Apennines and the great plain of northern Italy produce special climatic variations. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The most northerly, the Alpine zone, has a continental mountain climate, with temperatures lower and rainfall higher in the east than in the west. Rain falls in the summer in the higher and more remote areas and in the spring and autumn at the periphery. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Different estimates of mean temperature trend in Italy over more than 100 years have been reported: a total temperature increase from 1850–1899 to 2001–2005 of 0.76°C (± 0.19°C) (1), and a temperature increase from 1865 to 2003 of 1.0 ± 0.1°C per century (2). At Sassari, in the northwest, the annual mean temperature is 62.6 °F (17 °C) and the rainfall 22.8 inches (580 mm), while at Orosei, on the east coast, the temperature is 63.5 °F (17.5 °C) and the rainfall 21.2 inches (540 mm). There is scant rain: Ancona has an average of 25.5 inches (650 mm) and Bari 23.6 inches (600 mm). The Po valley has hot summers but severe winters, worse in the interior than toward the eastern coast. The highest peaks are snow-covered through the year. Winter rains are scarce in the interior and heavier in the west and north of Sicily. The climate of italy is classified as Csa climate; a warm temperated mediterranean climate with dry, warm summers and moderate, wet winters with the warmest month above 22°C over average. Rule of thumb: at the coast and in the valleys the summers are hotter than in the hilly areas, where the climate is very continental – rain falls are more often. The climate in Italy. NOW 50% OFF! It is a great destination to visit year round, particularly if taking a city break, though for the warmest and most reliable weather April to June is the prime tourist season. Weather in Italy is influenced by Humid Subtropical climate. The climate, especially in winter, is more rigid along the Adriatic coast exposed to the winds from Eastern Europe. All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Milan. Nevertheless, the weather varies considerably according to how far one is from the sea or the mountains. Italy can be divided into seven main climatic zones. In september, the mean temperature in Rome is 77°F (maximum temperature is 81°F and minimum temperature is 72°F). Italy Weather and Climate in March. To become a mountain climate on the highest peaks with cold and snowy winters and mild summers. Although Venice averages just 29.5 inches (750 mm) of rain annually, even relatively minor increases in the depth of the Venitian lagoon can subject the city to catastrophic flooding. Although the temperature varies a lot more during summer in Central Italy, you can generally expect it to be between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Southern Italy and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia enjoy a Mediterranean climate, as does the Italian Riviera. There is scant snow, and that falls only on the high plain. In winter, there is much more rainfall in Rome than in summer. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The eastern riviera has more rain than the western: rainfall at La Spezia, on the eastern riviera, is 45.2 inches (1,150 mm), while at San Remo, on the western riviera, it is 26.7 inches (680 mm). Temperatures vary widely in Italy, in the north, centre or south of the country. Mean Temp: 58 °F. In the north of the country - the area between the Alps and the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines - the climate is harsh, with very cold winters and very hot, particularly humid summers. Except at specific locations, there are but moderate amounts of both rain and snow; in the cyclonic conditions of midwinter there may be sudden snowfalls in the south. Average temperature of coldest month is under 18°C (64°F). Italy is a country of extremely varied landscapes and consequently experiences a similarly varied climate. In central Italy the climate is milder, with a smaller difference in temperature between summer and winter and a shorter and less intense cold season than in the north; summers are longer, but the sultriness of the northern cities is mitigated by the sea. Southern Italy is largely characterized by the typical Mediterranean climate made up of mild and rainy winters and hot and dry summers. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year. Between the north and south there can be a considerable difference in temperature, particularly during the winter. High Temp: 87 °F. Climate and Average Weather in Italy The moderating influence of the sea and the protection given by the Alpine barrier from the cold north winds give Italy a nice maritime climate. At Turin the average winter temperature is 32.5 °F (0.3 °C) and the summer average 74 °F (23 °C). Because of the considerable length of the peninsula, there is a variation between the climate of the north, attached to the European continent, and that of the south, surrounded by the Mediterranean. Skiing is a popular pastime in the mountains of Italy. June, and especially July and August, are hot and humid months in most of Italy, … As a rule, the Tyrrhenian coast is warmer and wetter than the Adriatic coast. Snow falls only in the winter; the snowfall varies from about 10 to 33 feet (3 to 10 metres) in different years and in relation to altitude or proximity to the sea. According to the latter there are no significan… However, with such a large area and so many different geographical features—from high mountains to over 4,000 miles of coastline, you’ll find plenty of regional differences and even micro-climates. Climate in Italy in september Climate in Rome in september. But this is rather reasonably and it will not be continuous. Italy climate guide. The global effects of an increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are reflected in the growing number of extreme weather events, such as heat-waves and intense rainfall. Only along the Apennine mountains does the climate of southern Italy become continental. The climate varies considerably from the north to the south of Italy. In autumn and in late winter the hot, dry wind that is known as the foehn blows from Switzerland or Austria, and in the east the cold, dry bora blows with gusts up to 125 miles (200 km) per hour. Assisi, city of peace and brotherhood, hosts one of... We are in company with Renzo Arbore, in the city once known as the Capitanata, and today know as Foggia. In the Alps such animals as bears, ROE deer, deer, chamois, and in the highlands — grouse and the hazel grouse. At Palazzo Roverella, the story of a Russian fairy tale. Italy is characterised by a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Farther south, where the coastal areas extend a great distance inland and are flatter, the mean temperature and annual rainfall are 58.6 °F (14.8 °C) and 30.3 inches (770 mm) at Florence and 61.9 °F (16.6 °C) and 31.4 inches (800 mm) at Naples. Summer highs reach into the 30s (90°F) and winter lows drop to 2°C (36°F), while winter rains are heaviest, often over 160mm(6.3in). The annual mean temperatures are 53.8 °F (12.1 °C) at Urbino, in the east, and 54.5 °F (12.5 °C) at Potenza, in Basilicata; the annual rainfall is, respectively, 35 inches (890 mm) and 39.6 inches (1,000 mm). Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. Palermo Boccadifalco is 48 miles from Sicily, so the actual climate in Sicily can vary a bit. Further south, much of Italy enjoys a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers. The average temperature in Rome is 15.7 °C. Around the lakes the climate is milder, the average temperature in January at Milan being 34 °F (1 °C), while at Salò, on Lake Garda, it is 39 °F (4 °C). The meeting of the two last-mentioned air masses brings heavy and sometimes disastrous rains in the autumn. It is a city boasting remote roots (there... You are in Home / Info / The climate in Italy. Rain falls mainly in the spring and autumn and increases with elevation. "Climate change in Italy: evidence, impacts and vulnerability, edited by Sergio Castellari and Vincenzo Artale (Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change - CMCC - Bononia University Press, 2010) is a mine of current data and projections on climate and its many and sometimes unexpected impacts. At Reggio di Calabria the annual mean temperature is 64.7 °F (18.2 °C) and rainfall is 23.5 inches (595 mm); at Palermo, in Sicily, they are 64.4 °F (18 °C) and 38.2 inches (970 mm). Climate change is already having an effect in Italy, as elsewhere. Covid-19 updates: information for tourists, Guidance Standards for Hospitality Reopening, Immuni, the Contact Tracing App to travel safely in Italy. Climate - Venice (Italy) Average weather, temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours The climate of Venice, the capital of the Veneto region, is moderately continental, similar to that of the Po Valley, with cold, moist winters and hot, muggy summers, but it's slightly tempered by … Mild with no dry season, hot summer. During this period the temperature sometimes can reach up to 40 degrees (104°Fahrenheit) and even at night it does not drop below 30 ° C (86°F). Tuscany has relatively little rain fall and has an average of 2300 hours of sunshine per year. More snow falls in the foothills than in the mountains and more in the Eastern than in the Western Alps. With 3.4in over 9 days, rain may occur throughout your holidays. Visiting Assisi means traveling through the history of Western art, culture and civilization. Out of the mountains, northern Italy generally enjoys a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. According to Siegmund/Frankenberg climate classification, Rome has a subtropical climate. Rome weather forecast, current conditions, sunrise, sunset and climate information. In december, the mean temperature in Rome is 54°F (maximum temperature is 58°F and minimum temperature is 50°F). The climate good around this city in this month. Rome and its metropolitan area has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa), with mild winters and warm to hot summers. In the mountains, the winter weather is very cold. The northern and norteastern areas of Italy have a Cfa Climate, which is similar to the Csa Climate, but whith humid conditions all year round. In general the climate in Rome, and especially Florence and the Tuscan region is very mild. Humidity: 76%. 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